Preparation of Dense Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Ceramics Using Eggshell Derived Nanopowders
This paper discusses the dependence of microstructure and mechanical properties of sintered biphasic calcium phosphate (BCP) on sintering temperature and compacting pressure of BCP dense bodies. BCP nanopowders were prepared via hydrothermal method using eggshell as the calcium source, followed by compaction into circular disc shape at various pressure and sintered pressureless in air at various sintering temperatures. X-ray diffraction analysis of nanopowders revealed the existences of hydroxyapatite (HA) as the main phase, with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) and calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) as the second phases. Morphological evaluation by scanning electron microscopy showed BCP exhibited uniform microstructure at low temperature and coalescence of pores and exaggerated grain growth at increasing temperature. Mechanical strength tests shown by compression strength and Vickers’ hardness test revealed an increase of strength with increasing temperature of up to 1100°C, after which it dropped. Mechanical strength also proved to be better with higher compacting pressure.
I. Sopyan et al., "Preparation of Dense Biphasic Calcium Phosphate Ceramics Using Eggshell Derived Nanopowders", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 110-116, pp. 3645-3649, 2012