Physical Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starches Extruded from Commercial Modified Derivatives in a Pilot Scale

Abstract:

Article Preview

Properties of thermoplastic starch (TPS) produced from commercial-grade modified cassava starches were investigated in a pilot scale for future practical production in plastic industry. Five types of commercial cassava starches including native, oxidized, acetylated, octenyl succinate and pregelatinized starches were transformed into TPS by extrusion. The morphology implied that degree of destructuration could be manipulated by adjusting amount of glycerol of the starch melt. All types of TPS exhibited strong water sensitivity especially when exposed to humid atmosphere (>0.75 water activity). Compared among these selected five commercial cassava starches, there were no significant differences in sorption properties. Tensile strength of the thermoplastic starches increased with increasing starch content, and a drastic gain was recorded for 80% starch content for all types of starches. The elongation at break seemed to reach a maximum value for native TPS and pregelatinized TPS when composition of starch was 70%. The concavity of elongation at break of both TPS’s could arise from greater mobility of starch molecules during deformation due to the presence of glycerol and water, so that the properties shifted from glassy to more fluid-like. When compared among the types of modification, pregelatinized starch produced a highly elongated TPS with lowest strength due to its complete destructuration of starch granules, and the octenyl succinate starch yielded the highest strength and most brittle TPS. This study proved that cassava starch had a considerable potential to further developed for biodegradable applications but higher degree of modification than these of common commercial grade was required to improve water resistance of its thermoplastic starch.

Info:

Periodical:

Edited by:

Huixuan Zhang, Ye Han, Fuxiao Chen and Jiuba Wen

Pages:

1007-1013

Citation:

R. R. Thongtan and K. R. Sriroth, "Physical Properties of Thermoplastic Cassava Starches Extruded from Commercial Modified Derivatives in a Pilot Scale", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 117-119, pp. 1007-1013, 2012

Online since:

October 2011

Export:

Price:

$41.00

[1] L. Shen, J. Haufe, M.K. Patel, Product Overview and Market Projection of Emerging Bio-based Plastics PRO-BIP 2009 Final Report, Universiteit Utrecht, The Netherlands, (2009).

[2] Information on http: /faostat. fao. org.

[3] J.W. Lawton, W.M. Doane, J.L. Willett, Aging and moisture effects on the tensile properties of starch/poly(hydroxyester ether) composites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 100 (2006) 3332-3339.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/app.23351

[4] D. Demirgöz, C. Elvira, J.F. Mano, A.M. Cunha, E. Piskin, R.L. Reis, Chemical modification of starch based biodegradable polymeric blends: effects on water uptake, degradation behaviour and mechanical properties, Polym. Degrad. Stab. 70 (2000).

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0141-3910(00)00102-6

[5] I. Arvanitoyannis, A. Nakayama, S. Aiba, Edible films made from hydroxypropyl starch and gelatin and plasticized by polyols and water, Carbohyd. Polym. 36 (1998) 105-119.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0144-8617(98)00017-4

[6] T. Tran, K. Piyachomkwan, K. Sriroth, Gelatinization and thermal properties of modified cassava starches, Starch/Stärke 59 (2007) 46-55.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/star.200600514

[7] S. -D. Zhang, Y. -R. Zhang, J. Zhu, X. -L. Wang, K. -K. Yang, Y. -Z. Wang, Modified corn starches with improved comprehensive properties for preparing thermoplastics, Starch/Stärke 59 (2007) 258-268.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/star.200600598

[8] Y.P. Chang, P.B. Cheah, C.C. Seow, Plasticizing-antiplasticizing effects of water on physical properties of tapioca starch films in the glassy state, J. Food Sci. 65 (2000) 445-451.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2621.2000.tb16025.x

[9] R. Thongtan, K. Sriroth, Effect of cassava starch destructuration to mechanical properties of compostable blends, Adv. Mat. Res. 337 (2011) 159-162.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.337.159

[10] D.S. Chaudhary, Competitive plasticization in ternary plasticized starch biopolymer system, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 118 (2010) 486-495.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/app.32349