This research is one part of preliminary work for integrated structural-functional energy storage concrete by using porous artificial lightweight aggregate and phase change material. Lightweight aggregate concrete (LWAC) has been applied more and more extensively in recent years, but high water absorption of porous artificial lightweight aggregate (LWA) is inconvenient for LWAC production. In order to improve LWA application, in this paper, two aspects of lightweight aggregate (LWA) study have been carried out, namely, a) LWA surface modification. The effects of different concentration of surface modifier on water absorption of modified LWA were studied. b) Mechanical properties of lightweight aggregate concrete made of the unmodified and modified LWAs Through comparing the water absorption of unmodified and modified LWAs, it can be known that the surface modification for LWA can reduce the water absorption obviously. The three kinds of lightweight concrete possess nearly same strength at 7-day and, at 28-day, the strength of LWAC using 1:20 modified LWA is highest and that of LWAC using 1:5 modified LWA is lowest. 28 days compressive strength of LWAC using 1:20 modified LWA could be up to 46.1MPa.