Carbonation of High Strength Concrete
High strength concrete consisting of binary and ternary blended cementitious systems based on ordinary Portland cement, pulverised fuel ash and silica fume were investigated for carbonation. PFA up to 40% was used and to these blends 0, 5, 10, and 15% SF was incorporated as partial cement replacement. Results of carbonation of concrete cured in mist and air are reported. It was found that carbonation linearly increases with an increase in PFA content. Concrete with OPC only and concrete with 10% SF content showed insignificant change in carbonation when comparing air cured and mist cured concrete. The maximum carbonation depth observed for air cured concrete (containing 40% PFA) was less than 4 mm while in the case of mist cured concrete it was less than 2 mm. This depth is still far less than the cover of reinforced steel bars to cause corrosion.
Huixuan Zhang, Ye Han, Fuxiao Chen and Jiuba Wen
M. I. Khan "Carbonation of High Strength Concrete", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 117-119, pp. 186-191, 2012