Cumulative Damage Evaluation under Fatigue Loading
The goal of this paper is to present the results obtained from damage evaluation in automotive axles, which are under torsion fatigue. For this purpose, a Nonlinear Damage Model is used. The mentioned shafts have to satisfy geometry requirements and their material has to be heat treated in order to improve their performance. One has to keep in mind that fatigue strength depends on material properties and geometry. In order to make a precise evaluation of the accumulated damage, the manufactured shafts were tested. In the first instance, the mechanical properties of the material were evaluated with static torsion tests. In the next step, the S-N curves were obtained with torsion fatigue tests. In all these cases, temperature was controlled. Experimental data at different load levels was gathered with strain gages in conjunction with a data acquisition system. The life cycle history of each tested shaft was stored and with this experimental evidence, damage curves were obtained and the cumulative damage of the axle was established. With these damage curves, it is possible to define the relation between damage rate and life for different stress levels.
J.M. Dulieu-Barton, J.D. Lord and R.J. Greene
L.E. Granda Marroquín et al., "Cumulative Damage Evaluation under Fatigue Loading", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 13-14, pp. 141-150, 2008