Ultra-Precision Machining Technology Based on Dynamic Minimum Thickness of Cut for Machined Single Crystal Materials


Article Preview

The dynamic minimum thickness of cut for the ultra-precision machining surface quality is important influence. Between tool and the workpiece for the friction coefficient were analysised, the relationship of the friction coefficient and the MTC were discussed, and the MTC and its effects on surface roughness were a theoretical analysised and experimental verification with processed single crystal copper and single crystal aluminum by AFM’s diamond tip. The results show: the MTC of single-crystal copper (single crystal aluminum) is 5.2nm (8.2nm) in stable cutting conditions. Further processing single crystal copper (ingle crystal aluminum) with cutting thickness of 5.2nm (8.2nm), and the surface roughness Ra160nm (Ra110nm) is obtained. So the MTC is evolving with the friction coefficient and the force ratio, theoretical MTC tends to be minimal value then before the adhering effect to reach remarkable. Appropriate adjustments cutting parameters, the cutting process can always micro-cutting phase to reach the steady-thin chip, and no plowing phenomenon. So the surface residues highly were reduced and higher surface quality was achieved.



Edited by:

Honghua Tan




J. C. Kuai, "Ultra-Precision Machining Technology Based on Dynamic Minimum Thickness of Cut for Machined Single Crystal Materials", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 138-139, pp. 1246-1250, 2012

Online since:

November 2011





[1] N. Ikawa, S. Shimada, H. Tanaka: Nanotechnology Vol. 3 (1992), p.6.

[2] S. Shimada, N. Ikawa, H. Tanaka, et al: CIRP Ann. Vol. 42 (1993), p.91.

[3] Z.J. Yuan, M. Zhou, S. Dong: J. Mater. Process Tech. Vol. 62 (1996), p.327.

[4] S.M. Son, H.S. Lim, J.H. Ahn: Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. Vol. 45 (2005), p.529.

[5] H.L. Zhang and J.C. Kuai, F.H. Zhang, In: 2010 International Conference on E-Product E-Service and E-Entertainment (ICEEE), edited by H.L. Wang, volume 2, IEEE Conference Publishing (2010).

[6] W. Grzesik: Wear Vol. 194 (1996), p.143.

[7] X. Liu, R.E. Devor, S.G. Kapoor: J. Manuf. Sci. Eng Vol. 128 (2006), p.474.

[8] S.J. Manuel, M. Oscar, S. Francisco: Int. J. Mach. Tools Manuf. Vol. 50 (2010), p.591.

[9] S. Venkatachalam, S.Y. Liang: J Manuf Sci E-T ASME, Vol. 129 (2007), p.274.

[10] R. Komanduri, N. Chandrasekaran, L.M. Raff: Wear Vol. 219 (1998), p.84.

[11] D.A. Lucca and Y.W. Seo: CIRP Ann. Vol. 42 (1993), p.83.

[12] J. Kaczmarek: Principles of Machining by Cutting, Abrasion and Erosion (Peter Peregrinus, Stevenage 1976).

[13] Z.J. Yuan, X.K. Wang: Precision and Ultraprecision Machining Technology (China Machine Press, Beijing 2009).