Computer-Aided Design and Simulated-Mechanical Study of Individualized Femoral Prosthesis
Objective To construct three-dimensional models of individualized femoral prosthesis by using computer-aided design and to verify whether individualized femoral prosthesis is superior to popular femoral prosthesis via simulating and contrasting mechanical study. Methods Two-dimensional images of fresh femurs were obtained by using total-length CT scanning and processed with computer edge recognition and three-dimensional contour extraction software to identify outer and inner contour of pulp cavity, extract contour data of pulp cavity and prosthesis, and construct three-dimensional models of femur and individualized femoral prosthesis. SolidWorks software was used to establish three-dimensional prosthetic models in common biological and bone cement types; moreover, bone-cement, biological, and individualized femoral prosthesis were replaced via simulating clinical surgery. Results Edge extracting was replaced by Canny operator, characterizing by stable running, credible outcome, and consistent with the primary request. Stress, femoral stress, interface stress, and primary micro-motion of individualized femoral prosthesis were significantly lower than biological and bone-cement femoral prosthesis (P Conclusion The computer-aided design is reliable to perform the assistant design of prosthesis; furthermore, biomechanical properties of the individualized femoral prosthesis are superior to those of popular femoral prosthesis.
D. S. Li et al., "Computer-Aided Design and Simulated-Mechanical Study of Individualized Femoral Prosthesis", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 152-154, pp. 1347-1352, 2012