The Classification of Disposable Mechanical Elements
Disposable mechanical elements with extremely short lives are widely used in the aerospace and defense fields. To reliably evaluate the life of disposable mechanical elements, many attentions were concentrated in the fatigue properties of disposable mechanical elements. According to the different meanings of static strength for metals, disposable mechanical elements are divided into two groups with different fatigue properties: extremely low cycle fatigue module for Type I with ultimate strength as design stress and low cycle fatigue module for Type II with yield strength as design stress. The Kuroda model and a cumulative damage model consisting of the Miners rule and the sequential law are used in the fatigue design process of the Type I. To the Type II, the Manson-Coffin model is suitable for conventional applications but more attempts are still conducted to further improve stress levels. The Type II with increasing load sequences are specially treated, since the cyclic yield strength of certain materials under pulsating stress closing to the yield strength increase with the deepening of fatigue damage. Consequently, under the increasing pulsating cyclic loading, the later load whose amplitude is higher than the initial yield strength will be permitted.
Hong-Sen Yan, Jianbin Zhang, Guanglin Wang, Kuei-Yuan Chan, Yidu Zhang, Chunjie Wang and Hai Zhang
Y. F. Li et al., "The Classification of Disposable Mechanical Elements", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 163, pp. 86-90, 2012