Computational Estimation of Fan Casing Noise at Blade Passing Frequency Component Noise
This paper studies both vibroacoustics and aeroacoustics of a centrifugal fan casing; the aim of this study is to explore a methodology to make quantitative predictions of fan casing noise. The spectra of the fan noise and casing vibration were firstly presented; discrete components related to the rotational frequency protrude in the spectra, especially the blade passing frequency (BPF). Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) technique was used to obtain the three-dimensional unsteady turbulent internal flow. Attention was paid to the pressure fluctuations on the volute wall; the shapes of pressure fluctuation were nearly sinusoidal in nature, with the BPF as the primary frequency. On the vibroacoustic side, Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) was applied to the time series of pressure fluctuations to extract the BPF component. A finite element analysis (FEA) model of the casing structure was constructed, and was validated by experimental modal analysis. The harmonic dynamic response of the casing structure was calculated with the BPF pressure fluctuation component as the excitation. The vibration results were then taken as the velocity (Neumann) boundary condition for the noise radiation model which was built in boundary element method (BEM), and the sound radiation was calculated. On the aeroacoustic side, the BPF component of pressure fluctuations was modeled as acoustic dipole source, and sound radiation was also solved by BEM. Results show that the sound pressure level (SPL) of vibroacoustics is fairly small compared to the aeroacoustic counterpart. This study shows that CFD, FEA together with BEM can be used to numerically predict BPF casing noise of turbomachinery successfully.
Wen-Pei Sung, Jimmy (C.M.) Kao and Ran Chen
J. C. Cai et al., "Computational Estimation of Fan Casing Noise at Blade Passing Frequency Component Noise", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 184-185, pp. 95-100, 2012