Measurement System for Soil Complex Resistivity Based on LabVIEW


Article Preview

Complex resistivity of soil must be measured using low-frequency power supply to overcome the skin effect, but, because of using higher frequency, the existing conventional complex resistivity meter is not suitable for soil. To this end, with the discrete Fourier transform and spectrum analysis, a measurement system for soil complex resistivity based on LabVIEW virtual instrumentation development platform and PXI data acquisition card was designed and developed. The system can measure the complex resistivity of the soil under low frequency, track the fluctuations of supply frequency automatically using of software synchronization technology, and then automatic adjust the sampling rate to reduce measurement error. The measurements results of the Cole-Cole circuit model of complex resistivity show that the system has a high accuracy.



Edited by:

Zhenyu Du and Bin Liu




Y. Zhu et al., "Measurement System for Soil Complex Resistivity Based on LabVIEW", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 192, pp. 333-340, 2012

Online since:

July 2012




[1] TONG Maosong, LI Li, WANG Weinan, ZHANG Jiaju, JIANG Yizhong, WANG Rong. Experimental study on complex resistivity of shaly sands[J]. Well Logging Technology, 2005, 29(3): 188~190.

[2] KE Shizhen, LIU Dijun, FENG Qining. Development of Sweep-frequency Measurement System for Rock Complex Resistivity with Coil Antenna [J]. Journal of the University of Petroleum (Edition of Natural Science), 2003, 27(4): 40~43.

[3] AN Shan, LI Nenggen. An investigation on multi-resistivity of aqueous rock [J]. Well Logging Technology, 1998, 22 (5): 315~317.

[4] XU Shaohua, ZHANG Shouqian, HAN Youxin. A Measurement and Study on Complex Resistivity of Shaly Sands [J]. Journal of Daqing Petroleum Institute, 1994, 18(4): 6~10.

[5] CHEN Xusan, ZHAO Wenjie, ZHU Liufang. Complex Resistivity Logging and its Applications [J]. Well Logging Technology, 2001, 25(5): 327~331.

[6] Mitchell, J. K., and Arulanandan, K. Electrical Dispersion in Relation to Soil Structure [J]. J, Soil Mech. and Found. Div., ASCE, 1968, 94(2): 447~471.

[7] M. Fukue, T. Minato, H. Horibe, N. Taya. The Micro Structures of Clay Given By Resistivity Measurements [J]. Engineering Geology, 1999, 54: 43~53.


[8] Kalinski, R., and Kelly,W. Electrical Resistivity Measurements for Evaluating Compacted Soil Liners [J]. J. Geotech. Engrg, ASCE, 1994, 120 (2): 451~457.


[9] Abu-Hassanein, Z., Benson,C., and Blotz, L. Electrical Resistivity of Compacted Clays [J].J. Geotech. Engrg., ASCE, 1996, 122 (5): 397~406.

[10] L. S. Bryson. Evaluation of Geotechnical Parameters Using Electrical Resistivity Measurements [C]. GeoFrontiers 2005[A]. New York, (2005).

[11] Arulmoli,K., Arulanandan,K., Seed H.B. New Method for Evaluating Liquefaction Potential [J]. J. Geotech. Engrg. Div., ASCE, 1985, 111 (1): 95~114.


[12] Arulanandan,K., and Muraleetharan K.K. Level ground soil liquefaction analysis using in situ properties, Part I [J].J. Geotech. Engrg. Div., ASCE, 1988, 114 (7): 771~790.

[13] R.G. Campanella,I. Weemees. Development and Use of an Electrical Resistivity Cone for Groundwater Contamination Studies [J]. Canada Geotechnical Tournal, 1990, 27: 557~567.


[14] M. Fukue et al. Use of a Resistivity Cone for Detecting Contaminated Soil Layers [J]. Engineering Geology, 2001, 60: 361~369.


[15] TONG Maosong. Driver Design of ZL5 Intelligent LCR Meter based on LabVIEW [J]. Petroleum Instruments, 2007, 21(3): 80~82.

[16] XIAO Zhanshan, XU Shizhe, LUO Yanzhong , WANG Dong , ZHU Shihe. Study on Mechanisms of Complex Resistivity Frequency Dispersion Property of Rocks [J]. Journal of Zhejiang University (Science Edition), 2006, 33 (5): 584~587.

[17] SONG Changbao, LI Zhigang, ZHU Xiaosong. A Method & Error Analysis of Phase Difference Measurement based on Digital Quadrature Transformation [J]. Journal of Circuits and Systems, 2006, 11(1): 143~146.

[18] LU Yanjie, XI Zhihong, WANG Jiangbo. Analysis and Comparison between FFT and Digital Correlation Theory in Phase Difference Measurement [J]. Information Technology, 2007, 12: 05~108.

[19] ZHANG Haitao, TU Yaqing. A new Method for Phase Difference Measurement Based on FFT with Negative Frequency Contribution [J]. Acta Metrologica Sinica, 2008, 29(2): 168~171.

[20] LI Hui, WANG Yanfei. The Contrastive Study between Direct FFT and Phase Difference in Parameter Estimation of Sinusoidal Signal [J]. Journal of Electronics & Information Technology, 2010, 32(3): 544~547.


[21] CHAI Xuzheng, WEN Xishan, GUAN Genzhi, PENG Ningyun. An Algorithm with High Accuracy for Analysis of Power System Harmonics [J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, 2003, 23(9): 67-70.