Predictive of Electron Beam Focus Position by Metal Powder Temperature
The equipment for measuring electron beam (EB) focus in electron beam produced by the effect of extremum temperature of powder molten pool caused by the interactive effect of electron beam with metal powder is described. The principle of operation of apparatus and examples of EB characteristics are presented. During electron beam processing, the mechanical analysis of metal powder molten pool temperature following focusing current are studied. As a result, the transferring point of critical energy density described by the peak of metal powder pool temperature can be obtained. Based on the temperature characteristics of critical energy density, the measuring concept of dynamic focal spot of electron beam is put forward in the paper. The method of measuring dynamic focal spot of electron beam will provide a new possibility for 3D scanning prototyping through changing focus position of EB.
Xianghua Liu, Zhenhua Bai, Yuanhua Shuang, Cunlong Zhou and Jian Shao
Y. X. Chen et al., "Predictive of Electron Beam Focus Position by Metal Powder Temperature", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 217-219, pp. 1779-1785, 2012