Effect of Sunroofs and Side Windows on Aerodynamic Characteristics of Transit Bus
In this paper, k-Omega turbulence model is applied in the numerical simulation of the transit bus, several typical working conditions of the transit bus with windows open at a speed of 10m/s are investigated, and a custom function Q is introduced to characterize the amount of ventilation of each window. The results show that, when the transit bus travels with windows open, the air always flows into the carriage through the middle and rear side windows of the transit bus, and circulates in the carriage and then flows out of the carriage through the front side window. When the bus travels with sunroofs open in leeward mode and side windows open, the amount of ventilation is the maximum. This working condition is the best one when taking both drag coefficient and the amount of ventilation.
X. J. Hu et al., "Effect of Sunroofs and Side Windows on Aerodynamic Characteristics of Transit Bus", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 224, pp. 333-337, 2012