The Effects of Spatial Resolution in Turbulent Boundary Layers with Pressure Gradients
Single normal hot-wire measurements of the streamwise component of velocity were taken in boundary layer flows subjected to pressure gradients at matched friction Reynolds numbers Reτ ≈ 3000. To evaluate spatial resolution effects, the sensor lengths are varied in both adverse pressure gradient (APG) and favorable pressure gradient (FPG). A control boundary layer flow in zero pressure gradient ZPG is also presented. It is shown here that, when the sensor length is maintained a constant value, in a contant Reynolds number, the near-wall peak increases with (adverse) pressure gradient. Both increased contributions of the small- and especially large-scale features are attributed to the increased broadband turbulence intensities. The two-mode increase, one centreing in the near-wall region and the other one in the outer region, makes spatial resolution studies in boundary layer flow more complicated. The increased large-scale features in the near-wall region of an APG flow is similar to large-scales increase due to Reynolds number in ZPG flow. Additionally, there is also an increase of the small-scales in the near-wall region when the boundary layer is exposed to adverse pressure gradient (while the Reynolds number is constant). In order to collapse the near-wall peaks for APG, ZPG and FPG flows, the APG flow has to use the longest sensor and conversely, the FPG has to use the shortest sensor. This study recommends that the empirical prediction by Huthins et. al. (2009) to be reevaluated if pressure gradient flows were to be considered such that the magnitude of the near-wall peak is also a function of the adverse pressure gradient parameter.
R. Varatharajoo, E. J. Abdullah, D. L. Majid, F. I. Romli, A. S. Mohd Rafie and K. A. Ahmad
Z. Harun et al., "The Effects of Spatial Resolution in Turbulent Boundary Layers with Pressure Gradients", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 225, pp. 109-117, 2012