Stability Analysis of a Light Aircraft Configuration Using Computational Fluid Dynamics
This work aims to simulate and study the flow field around SAFAT-01 aircraft using numerical solution based on solving Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations coupled with K-ω SST turbulent model. The aerodynamics behavior of SAFAT-01 aircraft developed at SAFAT aviation complex were calculated at different angles of attack and side slip angles. The x,y and z forces and moments were calculated at flight speed 50m/s and at sea level condition. Lift and drag curves for different angles of attack were plotted. The maximum lift coefficient for SAFAT-01 was 1.67 which occurred at angle of attack 16° and Maximum lift to drag ratio (L/D) was 14 which occurred at α=3°, and the zero lift drag coefficient was 0.0342. Also the yawing moment coefficient was plotted for different side slip angles as well as rolling moment. The longitudinal stability derivatives with respect to angle of attack, speed variation (u), rate of pitch (q) and time rate of change of angle of attack were calculated using obtained CFD results. Concerning lateral stability only side slips derivatives were calculated. To validate this numerical simulation USAF Digital DATCOM is used to analyze this aircraft; a comparison between predicted results for this aircraft and Digital DATCOM indicated that this numerical simulation has high ability for predicting the aerodynamics characteristics.
R. Varatharajoo, E. J. Abdullah, D. L. Majid, F. I. Romli, A. S. Mohd Rafie and K. A. Ahmad
M. Mahdi and Y. A. Elhassan, "Stability Analysis of a Light Aircraft Configuration Using Computational Fluid Dynamics", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 225, pp. 391-396, 2012