Comparative Study on Aircraft Landing Instruments: Accuracies and Limitations


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A normal aircraft flight includes taxi, takeoff, climb, cruise, descent, precision approach and finally landing. This study focuses on landing where the aircraft returns to the ground safely. In low visibility conditions, when pilots are unable to see the runway, the aircraft can always be diverted to another airport. However, low visibility can also affect all airports in the vicinity, forcing aircrafts to land in low visibility conditions depending on Instrument Flight Rules (IFR). Many countries have employed the landing systems because of inaccuracy, unreliability and dependency of Visual Flight Rules (VFR). In this paper, aircraft landing systems accuracies and limitations will be studied and compared for the purpose of assessing the best possible system currently available that can be achieved and implemented.



Main Theme:

Edited by:

R. Varatharajoo, E. J. Abdullah, D. L. Majid, F. I. Romli, A. S. Mohd Rafie and K. A. Ahmad




A. A. A.-A. Salih et al., "Comparative Study on Aircraft Landing Instruments: Accuracies and Limitations", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 225, pp. 549-554, 2012

Online since:

November 2012




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