Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Steel Frame with Semi-Rigid Connections
In conventional analysis and design, the beam-column connections are divided into two categories: fully rigid joints and perfectly pinned joints. Actually, most beam-column connections exhibit flexibility. Idealized connections may diverge from the real reaction of structures. This article presents a hybrid finite-element model that consists of a beam element with two semi-rigid connections at the ends for studying the effect of the flexibility on the structures. Based on the theory of finite deformation, the first-order and the second-order stiffness matrix and the equilibrium equation of hybrid beam element were got. A nonlinear finite element analysis program was developed to analysis the steel frames with semi-rigid connections. At last, one-bay, two-story semi-rigid planar steel frame was analyzed using the program, and some conclusions about the effect of semi-rigid connections flexibility were obtained.
Chunliang Zhang and Paul P. Lin
G. H. Li et al., "Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Steel Frame with Semi-Rigid Connections", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 226-228, pp. 1199-1202, 2012