Study of a New Real-Time Monitoring Method on the Underground Mining Activities
This paper presents a new real-time monitoring method based on the explosion source location technique on the underground mining activities in the situation the state can not achieve the full uninterrupted supervision because of the backward monitoring tools and equipment. The supervise mode results in some small coal mines in the profit-driven to ultra-layer or cross-border mining which causes a many of safety accidents. The five acceleration vibration sensors buried underground in the mining area pick up blasting vibration waves coming from blasting tunneling. Every signal acquisition sub-station deals with the according sensor output signals by using wavelet transform to identify the P waves and using energy eigenvalue method to determine the arriving time of P wave to the sensor, then translates the sensor’s spatial and temporal parameters to the principal computer. The principal computer locates the explosion source by the Geiger algorithm and displays the explosion source’s spatial message in the mine’s electronic map. The method is feasible and the positioning horizontal error is less than 10m by field-proven.
X. Z. Meng et al., "Study of a New Real-Time Monitoring Method on the Underground Mining Activities", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 229-231, pp. 1402-1405, 2012