Electronic Control Unit Design for a Retrofit Fuel Injection System of a 4-Stroke 1-Cylinder Small Engine
Most motorcycles in developing countries use carburetor systems as the fuel delivery method especially for models with the cubic capacity of less than 125cc. However, small gasoline fuelled engines operating using carburetor system suffer from low operating efficiency, waste of fuel and produce higher level of hazardous emissions to the environment. In this study, an electronic control unit (ECU) is designed and simulated for a retrofit fuel injection (FIS) system. The ECU is targeted to have a simple design, reliable and offers all of the necessary functions of the modern ECU. The simulation results shows that the designed ECU can determine the injection period as close to the proposed value and can drive the injector efficiently based on the generated PWM pulse.
M. T. Muslim et al., "Electronic Control Unit Design for a Retrofit Fuel Injection System of a 4-Stroke 1-Cylinder Small Engine", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 229-231, pp. 968-972, 2012