Studies on Post-Yield Behavior of Cortical Bone
Complex hierarchical assembly and presence of large amount of organics and water content are responsible for enough amount of plasticity in bone material. Plastic properties are not only important to assess the various changes and fracture risk in bone but also for the development of better bone implants and joint replacements. The present study is focused on the post-yield behavior of cortical bone. The plastic properties of goat femoral and tibiae cortical bone were assessed and compared in terms of plastic modulus (H), tangent modulus (Et), plastic work (Wp) and plastic strain (εp) using uniaxial tensile test. Both femoral and tibiae cortical bone were found to be having similar post-yield behavior and significant stiffness loss was observed in both the bones during plastic deformation. The value of plastic modulus for femoral cortical bone was found to be 1.2 times higher as compared to the corresponding value for tibiae cortical bone. This shows higher hardening rate for femoral cortical bone. It was also observed that femoral bone requires higher energy during plastic deformation until fracture as compared to tibiae cortical bone.
N.K. Sharma et al., "Studies on Post-Yield Behavior of Cortical Bone", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 232, pp. 157-161, 2012