A Two-Phase Flow Model with VOF for Free Surface Flow Problems
A numerical model based on the two-phase flow model for incompressible viscous fluid with a complex free surface has been developed in this study. The two-step projection method is employed to solve the Navier–Stokes equations in the numerical solutions, and finite difference method on a staggered grid is used throughout the computation. The two-order accurate volume of fluid (VOF) method is used to track the distorted and broken free surfaces. The two-phase model is first validated by simulating the dam break over a dry bed, in which the numerical results and experimental data agree well. Then 2-D fluid sloshing in a horizontally excited rectangular tank at different excitation frequencies is simulated using this two-phase model. The results of this study show that the two-phase flow model with VOF method is a potential tool for the simulation of nonlinear fluid sloshing. These studies demonstrate the capability of the two-phase model to simulate free surface flow problems with considering air movement effects.
W. Zhang et al., "A Two-Phase Flow Model with VOF for Free Surface Flow Problems", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 232, pp. 279-283, 2012