Reaction Wheel Disturbance Characterization by Analysis of Micro-Vibration Measurements
Structural stability of satellites is of vital significance for the operation of sophisticated payload systems. Therefore manufacturers of satellite components, such as reaction wheels, make huge efforts to assure the convenient vibration behavior of their products. To meet that demand a device for the detection of mechanical oscillations with very small amplitudes was developed. The described micro-vibration test-bench allows the detection of vibrations with amplitudes > 10 5 Newton in a frequency range of < 20 kHz generated by a test item with a mass up to 30 kg. The quality of the thereby obtained data makes it possible to identify the sources of the observed vibration. The high information content of the measurements originates from a set of high resolution force sensors, variably arranged on a mechanically isolated platform. The sensitivity of the used equipment (charge cables, charge amplifiers and signal analyzers) and its resistance to ambient disturbances allow the high accuracy of the measurement as mentioned above. The described micro-vibration test-bench additionally provides opportunity to detect production errors non-destructively and helps to reduce the inherent noise of the item under test. It therefore represents a reliable measurement device to quantify and assess detrimental vibrations.
F. Liebold et al., "Reaction Wheel Disturbance Characterization by Analysis of Micro-Vibration Measurements", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 232, pp. 445-449, 2012