Developing a Dynamic Model for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Motion on Ground during Takeoff Phase


Article Preview

Modeling of take-off and landing motion for a fixed wing (UAV) is necessary for developing an automatic take off and landing control system (ATOL). Automatic take off and landing system becomes an important system due to wide spread of unmanned aerial vehicles in different applications ranging from intelligence, surveillance, up to missile firing. Automatic take off and landing system reduces damage to an unmanned aerial vehicle and its payload that may be caused by human pilot errors. Furthermore, training human pilot to a sufficient level of skill and experience for takeoff and landing may take several years and significant cost. A human pilot also may impose additional restrictions for UAV operation especially at night time or dusty desert conditions. Although, ATOL adds complexity to the system, it reduces the long run cost and risk caused by takeoff and landing process, and makes UAV takeoff from different runways and at different atmospheric conditions. A mathematical model for takeoff is successfully developed for a small fixed wing UAV. A Matlab/Simulink simulation model is prepared for the ground roll phase, and some simulation results are also shown.



Edited by:

Amanda Wu




M. Essuri et al., "Developing a Dynamic Model for Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Motion on Ground during Takeoff Phase", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 232, pp. 561-567, 2012

Online since:

November 2012




[1] Advanced Take-off and Flight Control Algorithms for Fixed Wing Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Ruan Dirk de Hart, Engineering at Stellenbosch University, (2010).

[2] Autonomous Take-Off and Landing of a Low Cost Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, R & D Journal of the South African Institution of Mechanical Engineering 2009, 25.

[3] Automatic Take-Off and Landing Control for Small UAV's, P. Riseborough, BAE SYSTEMS Australia.

[4] Dynamics of Flight, Stability and Control, third edition, B. Etkin, and L D. Ried, John Wily and Sons, (1996).

[5] Theory of Ground Vehicles, 3ed Edition, J.Y. Wong. (2001).

[6] Fundamentals of vehicle dynamics, Thomas D, society of automotive engineers.

[7] Ground vehicle dynamics, Karl Popp and Werner Schiehlen, Springer-Verlag, (2010).