A New Approach about Heat Transfer of Hot-Wire Anemometer
The hot-wire anemometer is a famous thermal transducer for turbulence measurements. The fundamental principle of hot-wire anemometer is based on the convective heat transfer, since the heat transfer is directly proportional to the temperature difference between the sensor and the fluid, hence ambient temperature variations are one of the most important error sources in the measurements with the hot-wire anemometers. Many methods have been proposed to compensate for the ambient temperature variations. In such methods the effect of temperature drift is only considered and the effect of Nusselt number is ignored. In the present research the effect of air flow temperature variations on the response of constant temperature anemometer has been studied experimentally. Furthermore, with the basis of air flow velocity and ambient temperature variations, the percentage errors in velocity measurements have been estimated. Finally, based on achieved results, an accurate method has been proposed to compensate the air flow temperature variations.
M. D. Manshadi and M. K. Esfeh, "A New Approach about Heat Transfer of Hot-Wire Anemometer", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 232, pp. 747-751, 2012