Fluid Dynamic and Mechanical & Electrical Control Engineering

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Authors: Rui Guo, Jing Yi Zhao, Yong Chang Wang, De Cai Han
Abstract: The length variability of telescoping heavy hydraulic trailer wills casue friction and sliding, increasing drag torque and power consumption of steering, moreover, and reducing the security and reliability of steering, so the new type follow-up steering system is designed and studied. In order to reduce the turning radius and tire wear, the adjustable steering wheel structure and double front axle mechanism are designed. On this basis, the theoretical analysis of the steering system is carried out, and the mathematical model is established. The minimum error of actual and ideal angle is regarded as the optimization goal of pure rolling condition, and the simulation optimization and experimental research is done. The results show that: the steering structural optimization is feasible, the performance is optimal on the condition that the actual and ideal angle valves of inside and outside wheels of each axis are approximately equal in turning process, and can reflect the advantage of new follow-up steering system in lowering power consumption, improving product life cycle and other areas.
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Authors: Meng Tao Yang, Hong Wei Jin, Xiao Mei Wang, Yong Gang Yang
Abstract: Based on the development practice of the pump performance test bed for the agricultural sprayer, a new program is proposed to cover the integrated mechanical structure of the pump performance test bed. Analysis was given to the various performance parameters of the pump test with regard to their testing methods, and specific methods of work performance test and inhalation performance test were also discussed to explore the test results. Finally, the issues that need to be focused were raised on the design and manufacture of pump performance test for the sprayer.
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Authors: Xu Ji, Xin Hui Liu
Abstract: This paper presents the structure and working principle of counterbalance valve used in some hydraulic cranes. Based on the AMESim software, the model of the counterbalance valve is build, and the simulation analysis for its performances is done. The simulation results show that the valve has a good dynamic response performance and stability, its control spool opening is independent of the load, and the main concerned structural parameters can affect the performance of the counterbalance valve.
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Authors: Wei Shen, Ji Hai Jiang
Abstract: To solve the low efficiency problem of hydraulic excavator, one type of Dual-Pump hydraulic architecture with combined Common Pressure Rail (CPR) and traditional valve controlled system is presented. Firstly, we analyze the energy consumption of excavator during one cycle to know the energy distribution among each actuator. Then, the Dual-Pump system is explained to design an easy to modify, cost efficient hydraulic hybrid excavator. Moreover, we focus on the boom system and construct the model. Finally, a simulation is created and the results illustrate that the proposed system can satisfy the design requirement.
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Authors: Shi Xing Zhu, Chan Juan Chen
Abstract: Aircraft landing gear shock system model was established, The system vibration differential equation and state-space equation were deserved。Based on the general fuzzy PID controller, the idea of fuzzy PID controller and its application in shock absorber system were studied. Based on MATLAB, the system simulation model was established, and the fuzzy PID control of semi-active suspension is analyzed compared to variable universe fuzzy PID control. The results show that the variable universe fuzzy PID control had better control effect.
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Authors: Rico H. Hansen, Anders Hansen, Torben O. Andersen
Abstract: Efficient discrete force control of cylinders may be realised by having multi-chambered cylinders, where the pressure of the chambers are shifted between fixed pressure levels of a secondary controlled system. However, the pressure shifting on a volume where the dynamics of pressure propagation is negligible have been be proven to have an unavoidable minimum loss due to the compressibility of the fluid. This paper investigates the effect of the pressure propagation in the connection and concludes that except more complex shifting schemes are introduced, the minimum loss remains unchanged. The paper analysis however also demonstrates and suggests, that with a clever valve control and shifting scheme, increased efficiency of a shift is obtainable by utilising the pipeline inductance.
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Authors: Yong Gang Yang, Jun Sun, Meng Tao Yang
Abstract: This paper introduces the hydraulic control system design for the change-wheel garage of Chongqing light rails through analysis of three-stage cylinder synchronization circuit for lifting bodies, and optimizing the design of the slewing mechanism with respect to the hydraulic servo control system of digital cylinder. The results improved the smoothness in the process of changing wheel lifting and the rotary accuracy of the rotary mechanism. Design on the PLC control system of the system is also included as part of this paper.
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Authors: Yun Cheng, Xiao Jun Zhang, Song Lin Nie
Abstract: According to the development of a new type of oil purifier——HIGEE rotating oil purifier, this paper has carried out related numerical simulations. The two-phase porous medium flow model in the rotating packed bed (RPB) was built, and by using CFD software, the distribution of the phases in the RPB which is on the condition of high gravity (HIGEE) field and the porous media has been simulated. The paper has developed the influencing rule of key technologies parameters which affect the separating efficiency of the rotating packed bed.
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Authors: Jiu Hua Wang, Lian Cheng Ren, Zhen Zhen Lei
Abstract: A magneto-rheological (MR) fan clutch is a device that transmits torque by the shear stress of the MR fluids. In this paper, Bingham model is used to describe the constitutive characteristics of MR fluids subject to an applied magnetic field. The operational principle of the MR clutch is introduced. The torque transmitted by MR fluids is analyzed to compute the torque transmission ability in the MR clutch. The results show that with the increase of the applied magnetic field, the torque developed by MR fluids goes up rapidly.
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Authors: Zhou Ling Wei, Bo Fu
Abstract: In view of the growing market demand for self-locking nuts and the relative backward processing technology, a nut crimping machine was studied. According to the working principle of nut crimping and performance requirements, the body structure of the nut crimping machine was designed. The stress analysis of the main stressed components was performed using simulation Xpress function of SolidWorks. Results show that body structure has high strength and rigidity. Based on electro-hydraulic proportional technology, the hydraulic control circuit was developed. The design results improve the control precision on speed and pressure of the nut crimping machine and ensure the quality of self-lucking nuts.
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