Numerical Simulation and Experimental Verification of a Vertical Jet in Swirling Cross-Flow
In order to investigate the bending and mixing characteristics in a vertical jet issuing into a swirling cross-flow, large eddy simulation method was employed to simulate the flow field of a jet in swirling cross-flow. Several jet to cross-flow velocity ratios (r=15, 30, 60) were investigated. The numerical results were compared to the experimental data measured from a phase tunable laser and CCD system. The Reynolds number Re based on the characteristic length of the cross-flow tunnel and the jet velocity lies between 22,537 and 90,146. Numerical results showed that the penetration depth of the vertical jet maintains nearly unchanged when the jet to cross-flow velocity ratio is large enough (r>30), which agreed well with the experimental data and was different from the flow field of jet in straight cross-flow. On the other hand, the case of r=60 obtained largest spread width, and the spread width maintains relatively large in a large penetration zone, which is consist with the experimental finding.
S. L. Kou and G. N. Li, "Numerical Simulation and Experimental Verification of a Vertical Jet in Swirling Cross-Flow", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 235, pp. 90-95, 2012