Thermodynamic Research of Boron Oxide Reducing with Carbothermic Method
Based on the phase diagrams analysis, the activity model of Fe-C-B ternary system was established with the ion and molecule coexistence theory. The activities of Fe, C, B, Fe3C, FeB, FeB2 and B4C in melt were calculated by analyzing the model. We have researched the thermodynamic condition of boron oxide reducing with carbothermic method and analyzed the effects of CO partial pressure, B2O3 content and slag type for the lowest smelting temperature. In normal pressure, the carbon content is high in melt, so it needs 2000°C for decarbonizing and chrome remaining. When CO partial pressure is 0.1 kPa and CaO content is less 60%, the lowest temperature of smelting ferro boron could be below 1600°C.
Wei Deng and Qi Luo
D. G. Zhao et al., "Thermodynamic Research of Boron Oxide Reducing with Carbothermic Method", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 236-237, pp. 755-758, 2012