Optimizing the Tilt Angle of Solar Panels by SQP Algorithm
In present research we propose a nonlinear solving method to obtain the optimum tilt angle for solar panels. For this purpose, solar radiation on tilted panels are estimated by applying anisotropic model in Maple and the maximum is obtained by solving parametric nonlinear equations with Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP) algorithm. Comparing its results with prevalent calculation proved this method faster and more efficient. The used model is validated by comparing results with measured data on a 45o-tilted surface in Tehran, Iran. Results showed solar radiation on a tilted surface increases 32% by monthly adjustments, in comparison with a fixed horizontal surface.
Xiangdong Zhang, Hongnan Li, Xiating Feng and Zhihua Chen
M. Khademi et al., "Optimizing the Tilt Angle of Solar Panels by SQP Algorithm", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 253-255, pp. 766-771, 2013