Design of Magnetorheological Damper Control System for Vehicle Suspension
The damping force of Magnetorheological damper (MRD) can be controlled in a certain range by applying a steady magnetic field to reduce vehicle suspension vibration effectively. This paper presents the analysis of the damping characteristics of the twin-tube MRD, and the design of embedded control system for Twin-tube MRD used to semi-active vehicle suspension. The laws of varying damp force with current, displacement and frequency are investigated by testing for the damper, for instance the relationship curve of damping force vs. current. The control system is composed of controllable current driver and electrical control unit (ECU). ECU is developed based on MC9S12XDP512 chip. Signals that ECU acquired come from three types of sensor, i.e. digital temperature sensor, MEMS acceleration sensor and laser distance sensor embedded in MRD. The sampling frequency may exceed 400Hz. The programming is carried out in accordance with the state data acquisition and the improved On-Off control algorithm．Aiming at the high time response requirement of the MR damper, a Pulse-width modulation (PWM) current driver was designed. The hardware solutions drive circuit, interface circuit as wel1 as the software design of control system are discussed in detail. The proposed designed system has been put in actual MRD controlling application, whose test results prove its fast current response and high precision.
Yun-Hae Kim and Prasad Yarlagadda
J. Q. Zhang et al., "Design of Magnetorheological Damper Control System for Vehicle Suspension", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 278-280, pp. 1436-1441, 2013