Effective Steel Area of Fully Embedded Cold-Formed Steel Frame in Composite Slab System under Pure Bending
In conjunction with the promote of Industrial Building System (IBS) in Malaysia building construction, precast units such as slab, beam and column were widely used. This paper reports on the determination of the effective cross sectional area of the proposed cold-formed sections that embedded in precast concrete slab. The cold-formed steel sections are single and double lipped channel section, with 100mm in depth, 50 mm width, 12 mm lips length and 1.55 mm thickness. In order to determine the flexural capacity of the composite slab system, it is necessary to identify the effective cross sectional area of the section contributes to load-carrying of the slab system. The calculation method was based on the effective width method concept from BS EN 1993-1-3 and BS EN 1993-1-5. Four types of cold-formed steel frame profiles that embedded in the concrete to form a new type of composite slab system were used to study in this paper. The four types of cold-formed steel section configuration are S1-SV, S2-SH, S3-DV and S4-DH. From the analytical calculation, S3-DV has the highest effective cross-sectional area, which it only consists of 2% ineffective area for load-carry capacity. Besides that, single lipped section S2-SH fully utilized the cross sectional in carrying load. It can be concluded that S3-DV is predicted to have highest bending resistance than other three types of configuration with condition that the reliability of the prediction need to verify as other factors such as shear bonding and shifted neutral axis happened due to combination of concrete and cold-formed section which, will also contribute the strength capacity of the composite slab system.
Y. L. Lee et al., "Effective Steel Area of Fully Embedded Cold-Formed Steel Frame in Composite Slab System under Pure Bending", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 284-287, pp. 1300-1304, 2013