Environmental Sustainability Assessment Based on the Concept of Carbon Carrying Capacity


Article Preview

Most of sustainability assessment tools for urban development planning do not provide any quantitative framework in terms of measuring the conceptual idea of “Carbon-neutral”. These tools generally use the scoring methodology by sum up points in various check lists for environmental sustainability. For planners, assessment of environmental sustainability should offer a simple and quantitative framework for measuring environmental resource uses and loads in order to develop planning alternatives under the limited natural conditions. The concept of carrying capacity needs to be understood as maximum loads to a limited environment, and the balance of CO2 emissions, uptakes, and offsetting acts as the most important quantitative indicators assessing environmental sustainability in terms of the conceptual idea of “Carbon-neutral”. Therefore, the purpose of this research is to investigate theories of the concept of “Carbon Carrying Capacity”, and to propose an assessment tool for measuring environmental sustainability based on the concept of Carbon Carrying Capacity. To present case study results, a high-density and mixed-use development project was chosen located in Kwangmyung-si near Seoul. Results indicated the baseline of Carbon Carrying Capacity was estimated at 0.48tCO2/capita•yr and possibilities of achieving environmental sustainability by the development planning alternatives.



Edited by:

Wen-Hsiang Hsieh




B. G. Lee and K. Lee, "Environmental Sustainability Assessment Based on the Concept of Carbon Carrying Capacity", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 284-287, pp. 1511-1517, 2013

Online since:

January 2013




[1] S. M. Wheeler: Planning for Sustainability: Creating Livable, Equitable, and Ecological Community (Routledge, NY, USA 2004), pp.19-27.

[2] H. S. Je, in: Planning and Design Strategies of MACC for Carbon Neutral, International Symposium on Carbon-Neutral City Development Plan: Case of the Multi-functional Administrative City Construction Project, Seoul, Korea (2008).

[3] U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC): LEED 2009 for Neighborhood Development Rating System. Information on http: /www. usgbc. org.

[4] BRE Global Ltd (BRE): BREEAM Community. Information on http: /www. breeam. org.

[5] Institute for Building Environment and Energy Conservation (IBEC): CASBEE for an Urban Development. Information on http: /www. ibec. or. jp/CASBEE/index. htm.

[6] International Union for Conservation of Nature: Caring for the Earth: A Strategy for Sustainable Living (Gland, Switzerland 1991), p.10.

[7] W. R. Catton: The World's Most Polymorphic Species: Carrying Capacity Transgressed Two Ways, Bioscience, June vol. 37, No. 6 (1987), pp.413-419.

[8] LH Corporation: Kwangmyung New Town Master Planning, (2010).

[9] Kwangmyung-si City Hall: Kwangmyung Statistical Yearbook, (2011).

[10] Leading edge technology of renewable energy options is assumed about 2 times than normal technology. Y.S. Yun: Research of Carbon Reduction Green Index Development, Spring Conference, Urban Design Institute of Korea, Suwon, Korea (2012).

[11] Korea Forest Service: Statistics of Carbon and CO2 Uptake, and O2 Emissions in Korean Forest (2010). Information on http: /www. forest. go. kr.

Fetching data from Crossref.
This may take some time to load.