Two Fluid Mixing in a Micromixer with Helical Channels and Grooved Surfaces
The mixing behavior of two fluids in a passive micromixer with a Y-type inlet and helical fluid channels with herringbone grooves etched into the bottom was studied in a numerical simulation and experiments. The mixing of the pure water and acetone solution prepared with different Reynolds numbers and acetone concentrations was investigated. An image inspection method using the variance in contrast of the image gray level as the measurement parameter was adopted to calculate the mixing efficiency distribution. Inspection results show that the mixing efficiency decreased with the increase in the concentration of the acetone solution, although the mixing efficiency around the outlet reached to a value of 90%, even when the Reynolds numbers of the fluids were as low as Re = 1, and the best efficiency achieved for the case of Re = 10 was over 98%. The results show that it should be possible to apply the proposed micromixer in the field of biomedical diagnosis.
Y. H. Hu et al., "Two Fluid Mixing in a Micromixer with Helical Channels and Grooved Surfaces", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 284-287, pp. 2096-2101, 2013