3D vs. 2D Modeling of Concrete Gravity Dam Subjected to Mining Tremor
The paper indicates the role of 3D modeling of concrete gravity dams in evaluation of dynamic response of dams to mining tremors which occur in mining activity regions. 2D and 3D models of a concrete gravity dam were prepared in order to compare two-and three-dimensional analysis of the dynamic response of dam to mining shock. Firstly, values of natural frequencies obtained for 2D and 3D models occurred to be very similar, but only the 3D model allowed to predict the dam behaviour under longitudinal kinematic excitation. Secondly, the comparison of the maximal principal stresses obtained for 2D and 3D models indicates that the simplified 2D analysis underestimates the values of dynamic response on about 20 %. Three-dimensional dynamic analysis allows to assess internal stresses resulting from mining shock more precisely, since the amplitudes of ground vibrations during mining tremors are comparable in three directions.
Bale V. Reddy
J. Dulinska "3D vs. 2D Modeling of Concrete Gravity Dam Subjected to Mining Tremor", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 325-326, pp. 1324-1328, 2013