Tool edge radius has obvious influences on micro-cutting process. It considers the ratio of the cutting edge radius and the uncut chip thickness as the relative tool sharpness (RST). FEM simulations of orthogonal cutting processes were studied with dynamics explicit ALE method. AISI 1045 steel was chosen for workpiece, and cemented carbide was chosen for cutting tool. Sixteen cutting edges with different RTS values were chosen for analysis. Cutting forces and temperature distributions were calculated for carbide cutting tools with these RTS values. Cutting edge with a small RTS obtains large cutting forces. Ploughing force tend to sharply increase when the RTS of the cutting edge is small. Cutting edge with a reasonable RTS reduces the heat generation and presents reasonable temperature distributions, which is beneficial to cutting life. The force and temperature distributions demonstrate that there is a reasonable RTS range for the cutting edge.