Innovative Manufacturing Engineering

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Authors: Cristian Pisarciuc
Abstract: The article goal is to presents a test procedure and experimental equipment for testing inner section of bent tubes. In view of the fact that it is an important component, a test method should be created to see the variation of circularity, which could determines the pressure drop in the tube. This test procedure is necessary because the geometry of the tube is composite and material is not so thick so there are critical points along the tube. Because the geometry of the tube is not so easy to acquire, a way of testing it is to verify the pressure drop between the ball and the tube wall. The possible pressure lost is an indication of the form variation in normal section of the tube. In a first instance a simple solution is presented that could solve the testing problem with the advantage of being not priced. The second solution is an improved, automated one that implies some common electronically devices that can solve some of the drawbacks and the first.
Authors: Gabriela Strnad
Abstract: The paper presents the research work carried out in order to determine the optimum assessment process in the case of an introductory engineering course, Technology of Materials. This course is taught to the students in the second year of Faculty of Engineering, specializations: Machine Building Technology and Industrial Engineering Economics. The relation between the assessment process and the students results for the last six academic years has been carefully analyzed. In the last three years the author had an innovative approach that involves the use of blogs and social media in the process of students learning. Also a significant change in the assessment process has been established. The students were encouraged to make a more active contribution in their technical training path, by preparing individual essays on topics related to advanced materials and technologies. Also their involvement in practical activities was encouraged and rewarded in the grading process. As a result the distribution of students final grades had a significant change, becoming now a Gaussian distribution.
Authors: Arina Florenţa Modrea, Andrea Peterlicean
Abstract: The experience in teaching in engineering learning contexts has lead to the idea to study in depth this theme Curriculum evaluation in the field of engineering due to the acknowledged real life situations in our current practice. This paper wishes to create a modern vision of this important stage of the teaching and learning process in the field of engineering. This is to say, through the establishment of the ideal stages in the design and administration of an assessment test. Last but not least, similarly to the education process where there is no real unique recipe to approach education in the assessment process no unique recipe can be given. This works on a situation-based basis so as to indeed be one of the real instruments that help us improve the added value in the context of the entire educational process. In conclusion, the novelty brought about is that assessment in any field of education, in engineering also, must be regarded as a specific part of the educational field, where all factors psychological and material that are characteristic to the instructive and educational activity are taken into consideration.
Authors: Andrea Peterlicean, Florica Morar
Abstract: Students learning styles must be taken into account when devising curricula for teaching EFL and EAP at university. The differences in learning styles are frequently more subtle than the mere classification into visual or auditory learners. Therefore, we investigated how project-based learning contributes to better performance by students of engineering in their first and second year at university, as illustrated by the pass rate in English as a Foreign Language. Keywords: EST, project-based learning, student participation, new technologies, higher education
Authors: Tudor Morar, Ion Costescu, Bassian Hissink Muller
Abstract: This paper offers researchers in transport engineering a method for reducing urban traffic congestion by planning for pedestrians. The method is designed for cities where GIS data is unavailable. Showing how this data can be obtained is one of the major contributions to the field. Other contributions are: using density data instead of infrared imagery to populate housing units with the number of inhabitants, performing network analysis instead of buffer analysis, eliminating homogeneity errors of the density dataset and offering a quantitative way of evaluating new investments in pedestrian infrastructure. The method is applied on a case study, namely the Romanian city of Timisoara. The conclusions present some applications of this technology and underline the importance of teaching it in engineering.
Authors: Camelia Butnaru, Anișor Nedelcu
Abstract: Today, on the labour market daily are recorded a lot of changes (legislation, migrations, etc.). The need of continuing education can be foreseen related to the big number of companies (private or public) which are looking for the right person to be hired on the right position. Unfortunately, very often the enterprise engages a person that will be trained later according to the companies future needs. The paper presents a software application (SFCD) proposed to the training responsible to help them to choose the teachers from the pre-university system that can be financed from public funds to follow continuing educational programs. The engine of the SFCD application is based on fuzzy inference system and the programming language used was Visual C++ [5]. The paper describes Academica (I, II and III) programs that are running since 2005 at Transilvania University of Brasov, Romania, which main aim is to enhance teaching skills and specific competences to the pre-university staff. The structure and importance of each program, the activities offered to the trainees, the novelty feature of the programs, the assessing and some concluding remarks are here presented [1].
Authors: Ion Gheorghe Gheorghe, Liliana Laura Badita, Adriana Cirstoiu, Simona Istriteanu, Veronica Despa, Stergios Ganatsios
Abstract: This paper initiates the launch and the integration of a new scientific concept: "Mechatronics Galaxy", a support of industrial research for European sustainable and strategic development. This new concept is based on achievement and development of evolutionary and integrative-synergistic concepts regarding micro-nanomechatronics engineering, micro-nanoelectronics engineering and micro-nanoIT engineering for: spatial, temporal and functional integration; intelligent adaptive behaviour based on perception, self-learning, self-diagnostics and systemic reconfiguration; adequate flexibility of software and hardware structures; predictive development of micro-nano-mechatronics structures and of the intelligent computerized applicability with high added value; simultaneous mix-integrative design of micro-nano-products, micro-nano-systems and micro-nano-technologies; a strategy of technological impact in economy, industry, society and education. Thus, the new concept "Mechatronics Galaxy" creates and develops micro-nano-mechatronics engineering, based on fundamental and applied techniques: micro-nano-mechatronics, micro-nano-robotics, micro-nano-integronics, micro-nano-sensoristics, micro-nano-actuators, micro-nano-processing and intelligent micro-nano-manufacturing.
Authors: Nicolae Ionescu, Cristian Doicin, Magdalena Roşu
Abstract: In the context of implementation of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) in Higher Education Area, building and assessment of skills in general and of transversal competences in particular is a key issue, which has not been entirely resolved yet. This paper presents a methodology developed by the authors, which refers to the contribution of the practice to building the transversal competences in graduates of higher education technical institutes, applied during a three-year program involving a relatively large number of students. Identifying the contribution of practical internship schemes to the acquisition of transversal competencies is an essential component of the overall evaluation of such skills. The results have shown that graduates who took part in special internship programs have attained a higher rate of insertion in the labor market. Moreover, the practical experience gained during bachelor study programs represented an important premise for the development of EQF level 7 transversal competences of the graduates enrolled in different Master programs.
Authors: Valentin Grecu, Calin Deneș, Nagore Ipiña
Abstract: Active learning has received considerable attention over the past several years. Often presented or perceived as a radical change from traditional instruction, the topic frequently polarizes academic staff. Todays students are bombarded with plenty of information and are distracted by technology gadgets (such as smart phones) or suffer from attention deficit disorder [10]. Thus, academic staffs are challenged to capture students attention and to engage them in the didactic process. The paper presents two innovative teaching methods experimented in the seminaries of the Production Planning course that has been taught at the Faculty of Engineering of Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu and the impact of these methods on the students knowledge assimilation and academic performance. The proposed teaching methods, namely charades games and movie making activities, were implemented and evaluated. The research tools used for this study were: direct observation, comparative analysis of students academic performances, before and after the implementation of the methods, and course evaluation forms, filled in by the students. The experimented teaching methods were considered by the students both fun and challenging and were confirmed as promising pedagogies. Thus, we recommend that active learning techniques, such as charades games or movie making activities, be used in conjunction with traditional lecture formats in university courses. These activities show promise as active learning techniques which foster student interest, help students apply material to real world situations, and may be remembered by students well after the course ends.
Authors: Marius Cioca, Andrada Iulia Ghete, Lucian Ionel Cioca, Daniela Gîfu
Abstract: Considering the fact that business processes are becoming more and more customer-oriented, marketing and connecting top management to the customers are extremely important, which should be given a special attention, taking into account the globalization and the increasing market competition. Due to the exponential growth of data volume, in any field, it was necessary to use and develop new methods and techniques for discovering hidden information in data, information almost impossible to be detected by traditional means, based on human analysis skills. This paper presents a pre-processing method for mining data in order to support decision makers in developing coherent and saleable strategies as regards the customers, based on their classification in different categories, specific to the area of concern, for the purpose of improving the CRM systems. In order to facilitate analysis and decision making by top management, the analyzed results are presented - in graphic format-using the facilities provided by Google API integrated in the application created with Open Source technologies.

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