In view of the request of trucks and shovels transportation automation and the characteristic of complex terrain in open pit, this paper introduces the current advanced RFID(Radio Frequency Identification) and GPRS(General Packet Radio Service). Using these technologies, the automatic transportation management system of trucks and shovels in open pit has been designed and developed. This system not only can count the number of trucks’ delivery and shovels’ loading automatically, but also can manage the vehicles’ transportation in open pit according to the ore proportioning plan. This greatly enhances the trucks and shovels working efficiency in open pit and provides the stable ore for mineral processing. Experiments on real scenes show that this system’s performance is stable, can satisfy production request in open pit and enhance the mine labor productivity greatly.