An Analysis of Packed Bed Liquid Desiccant System
In this paper a new type of open absorption the liquid desiccant, air conditioning system will be introduced. The dehumidifier and regenerator play the most important role in this system.For liquid-gas contact, packed towers with low pressure drop provide good heat and mass transfer characteristics for compact designs. Thus, this analysis considers the packed tower liquid desiccant systems. The experimental data have been obtained from a built prototype of liquid desiccant system in a packed bed unit with a surface area per unit volume ratio of 125m2/m3, the liquid desiccant, viz lithium chloride. The result showed that the mean mass transfer coefficient of the packing dehumidifier was 0.02kg/m2s. Also the absorber characteristic parameter, the packing size or number of transfer units (NTU), and air-to-desiccant solution mass flow rate ratio (ASMR) are crucial parameters. These parameters affect humidity and enthalpy effectiveness and will be introduced and defined in this paper.
H. Salarian, "An Analysis of Packed Bed Liquid Desiccant System", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 390, pp. 680-684, 2013