A New Numerical Approach for Adhesive Contacts of Real Engineering Surfaces
Microelectromechanical system (MEMS) and nanotechnology are important directions on the development of the science in twenty-first century. Some of the effects, such as viscous force, surface force, electrostatic force, friction etc., which can be usually ignored on the traditional scale, have become noticeable when the scale has turn to micro or nano scale. Nanotribology is one of the main areas of the indispensable researches on the basic theory and methodology of the effects. The micro/nano adhesive contact which is the foundation of nanotribology is studied in this paper. The earliest study on adhesive contact was done by Bradley. He presented an expression of adhesive force of two contacting rigid spheres. Derjaguin, Muller and Toprov (DMT) gave the relation of the contact area and the applied load of the adhesive contact of two spheres, but they did not consider the elastic deformation due to the adhesive force of the bodies. Johnson, Keudall and Roberts (JKR) provided a theory of the adhesive contact of two elastic spheres. Tabor gave a parameter (Tabor parameter) to interpret the ratio of the elastic deformation with the adhesive force of two contacting bodies. That is to say the DMT model corresponding to small Tabor parameter(<0.1) and the JKR model to large Tabor parameter(>5). Maguis gave a DMT-JKR transition using the Dugdale model in fracture mechanics (M-D model) in the intermediate region between the DMT model and the JKR model. A numerical algorithm of elastic adhesive contact based on the meshless method is presented in this paper. This make it possible to solve the adhesive contact with more complex surface topography and to consider more intricate factors, such as thermal stress, friction, elasto-plastic deformation etc. in the further studies on micro/nano scale adhesive contact problems. The meshless method seems to be a promising approach for contact analyses because of its flexibility in domain descritization and versatility in node arrangements. It can be used to solve a variety of complicated engineering problems. A numerical example of adhesive contact between a micro elastic cylinder and a rigid half-space is carried out to show the feasibility of the algorithm. In the simulation, an effective method of the M-D model is used to save the cost of computation. Compared with the existed solutions, the results solved by the presented algorithm are reasonable.
Y. Q. Zheng and S. M. Wang, "A New Numerical Approach for Adhesive Contacts of Real Engineering Surfaces", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 44-47, pp. 1251-1257, 2011