Pulse electrochemical polishing is an important method to improve the surface quality of metal sheet. The reasonable control of process parameters is the key to obtain high-quality polishing. In this paper mechanism of pulse electrochemical polishing of stainless steel were studied using the stainless steel sheets of SUS201, SUS202, and SUS304. The influence of the current density, pulse frequency, duty cycle, and other factors on surface roughness were examined, and the optimal parameters was determined. The research results have directional meaning to the scale polishing of stainless steel-based in manufacturing enterprise.