On the Applicability of the Loading Parameter Φ in Pinned Connections with Relevant Initial Clearance
In pinned connections, the presence of an initial clearance increases the lug stress concentration with respect to a neat fit configuration. By employing a recently proposed loading parameter Φ valid for plane models, the applied load and initial clearance effects on the stress concentration are normalised for a straight-shanked, round-ended, longitudinally loaded pin-lug connection of fixed outer to inner radius ratio. Results are obtained with a Mitchell-type, Fourier series solution and with commercial Finite Elements. The applicability of the loading parameter Φ to pinned connections with small to relevant initial clearances is explored. Two preliminary design charts are presented, which quantify the lug stress concentration factor versus the loading parameter Φ for two lug geometries defined by inner to outer radii ratios of 0.376 and 0.77.
Patrick Sean Keogh
M. Ciavarella et al., "On the Applicability of the Loading Parameter Φ in Pinned Connections with Relevant Initial Clearance", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 5-6, pp. 155-164, 2006