Stresses in Ultrasonically Assisted Turning
Ultrasonically assisted turning (UAT) is a novel material-processing technology, where high frequency vibration (frequency f ≈ 20kHz, amplitude a ≈15μm) is superimposed on the movement of the cutting tool. Advantages of UAT have been demonstrated for a broad spectrum of applications. Compared to conventional turning (CT), this technique allows significant improvements in processing intractable materials, such as high-strength aerospace alloys, composites and ceramics. Superimposed ultrasonic vibration yields a noticeable decrease in cutting forces, as well as a superior surface finish. A vibro-impact interaction between the tool and workpiece in UAT in the process of continuous chip formation leads to a dynamically changing stress distribution in the process zone as compared to the quasistatic one in CT. The paper presents a three-dimensional, fully thermomechanically coupled computational model of UAT incorporating a non-linear elasto-plastic material model with strain-rate sensitivity and contact interaction with friction at the chip–tool interface. 3D stress distributions in the cutting region are analysed for a representative cycle of ultrasonic vibration. The dependence of various process parameters, such as shear stresses and cutting forces on vibration frequency and amplitude is also studied.
Patrick Sean Keogh
N. Ahmed et al., "Stresses in Ultrasonically Assisted Turning", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 5-6, pp. 351-358, 2006