Development of the Humanoid Robot LOLA
This paper presents the performance enhanced humanoid robot LOLA which is currently being manufactured. Hardware design, controllers and simulation are based on ex- perience gained during the development of the robot JOHNNIE. The objective of the current research project is to realize a fast, human-like and autonomous walking motion. To enable an optimal design of the robot with respect to lightweight construction, motor and drive sizing, an appropriate simulation model is required. Dynamics simulation is a key tool to develop the hardware and control design properly. For hardware design and detailed dynamic analysis a comprehensive model including motor and gear dynamics is required, while for controller de- sign and stability analysis a simplified model for global system dynamics is sufficient. Both robots are characterized by a lightweight construction. In comparison to JOHNNIE, the new robot LOLA has a modular, multi-sensory joint design with brushless motors. Moreover, the previously purely central electronics architecture is replaced by a network of decentral joint controllers, sensor data acquisition and filtering units and a central PC. The fusion of motor, gear and sensors into a highly integrated mechatronic joint module has several advantages for the whole system, including high power density, good dynamic performance and reliability. Ad- ditional degrees of freedom are introduced in elbow, waist and toes. Linear actuators are used for the knee joints to achieve a better mass distribution in the legs.
Patrick Sean Keogh
H. Ulbrich et al., "Development of the Humanoid Robot LOLA", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 5-6, pp. 529-540, 2006