Elastodynamics Model Updating for the Monitoring of Reinforced Concrete Beam: Methodology and Numerical Implementation
Reinforced concrete beams are widely employed in civil engineering structures. To reduce the maintenance financial cost, structure damages have to be detected early. To this end, one needs robust monitoring techniques. The paper deals with the identification of mechanical parameters, useful for Structural Health Monitoring, in a 2D beam using inverse modeling technique. The optimal control theory is employed. As an example, we aim to identify a reduction of the steel bar cross-section and a decrease of the concrete Young modulus in damaged areas. In our strategy, the beam is instrumented with strain sensors, and a known dynamic load is applied. In the inverse technique, two space discretizations are considered: a fine dicretization (h) to solve the structural dynamic problem and a coarse discretization (H) for the beam parameter identification. To get the beam parameters, we minimize a classical data misfit functional using a gradient-like algorithm. A low-cost computation of the functional gradient is performed using the adjoint equation. The inverse problem is solved in a general way using engineer numerical tools: Python scripts and the free finite element software Code_Aster. First results show that a local reduction of the steel bar cross-section and a local decrease of concrete Young modulus can be detected using this inverse technique.
D.L. Liu, X.B. Zhu, K.L. Xu and D.M. Fang
J. Waeytens et al., "Elastodynamics Model Updating for the Monitoring of Reinforced Concrete Beam: Methodology and Numerical Implementation", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 513-517, pp. 3401-3406, 2014