Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline FeCr Alloy Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering
This paper investigates the efficiency of two consolidation processing techniques prepared by spark plasma sintering (SPS) and hot pressing (HP) which allow obtaining fully dense nanostructured materials. FeCr powders were sintered by using spark plasma sintering (SPS) and hot pressing (HP) sintering techniques over sintering temperature up to 1000oC. The microstructures of the sintered end-products were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). X-rays diffraction line profile analysis was adopted to analyze the crystallite size of starting and sintered FeCr using Williamson–Hall method. The density of the sintered specimens was measured by using the Archimedes method. The result indicated that the dense specimen with relative similar density and approaching the equilibrium state obtained in shorter time and lower sintering temperature by spark plasma sintering compared to conventional hot pressing. The FeCr specimen prepared by SPS showed more effective to retain nanocrystalline and better mechanical properties than those prepared by HP. The diffraction investigation revealed that the grain growth was not significant in SPS process compared to HP, which would enhance the mechanical properties of the SPS sintered FeCr.
D. Sebayang et al., "Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of Nanocrystalline FeCr Alloy Prepared by Spark Plasma Sintering", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 52-54, pp. 2197-2202, 2011