Wear Characterization of Aluminum Lubricated with Palm Olein at Different Normal Load


Article Preview

The pin-on-disk tester is a method used for investigating wear. The sliding mechanism between the pin and the disc experimentally creates wear. In this paper, the wear characteristics of an aluminium pin sliding on an SKD11 disc lubricated with double fraction palm olein were investigated. The pin was made from pure aluminum A1100. The results were compared with those of tests in which the disc was lubricated with commercial hydraulic oil. In both sets of experimental conditions, the normal load varied from 4 to 10 kg. Rotational speed was set to 1200 rpm. From this study, it was found that different types of lubricant affect the wear progression and friction coefficient during a sliding movement. The wear progression and friction coefficient depend also on the load applied, surface roughness, pressure applied and contact surface area.



Edited by:

Nor Azwadi Che Sidik




S. Syahrullail et al., "Wear Characterization of Aluminum Lubricated with Palm Olein at Different Normal Load", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 554, pp. 401-405, 2014

Online since:

June 2014




* - Corresponding Author

[1] W.B. Wan-Nik, F.N. Ani, H.H. Masjuki, S.G. Eng-Giap, Rheology of bio-edible oils according to several rheology models and its potential as hydraulic fluid, Ind. Crop Prod. 22 (2005) 249-255.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2005.01.005

[2] W.B. Wan-Nik, M.A. Maleque, F.N. Ani, H.H. Masjuki, Experimental investigation on system performance using palm oil as hydraulic fluid, Ind. Lubr. Tribol. 59 (2007) 200-208.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00368790710776784

[3] M.A. Chowdhury, M. M Helali, The frictional behavior of mild steel under horizontal vibration, Tribol. Int. 42 (2009) 946-950.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.triboint.2009.01.003

[4] C.I. Tiong, Y. Azli, A.K.M. Rafiq, S. Syahrullail, Tribological evaluation of refined, bleached and deodorized palm stearin using four-ball tribotester with different normal loads, J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. A 13 (2012) 633-640.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1631/jzus.a1200021

[5] B. Bhushan, W.E. Jahsman, Measurement of dynamic material behavior under nearly uniaxial strain condition, Int. J. Solid Struc. 14 (1978) 739-753.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0020-7683(78)90032-x

[6] S. Syahrullail, K. Nakanishi, S. Kamitani, Investigation of the effects of frictional constraint with application of palm olein oil lubricant and paraffin mineral oil lubricant on plastic deformation by plane strain extrusion, J. Jap. Soc. Trib. 50 (2005).

[7] S. Syahrullail, C.I. Tiong, A.K.M. Rafiq, Y. Azli, The effect of temperature on the tribological behavior of RBD palm stearin, Tribol. Trans. 55 (2012) 539-548.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10402004.2012.680176

[8] R.O. Dunn, Effect of antioxidants on the oxidative stability of methyl soyate (Biodiesel), Fuel Technol. Process. 86 (2005) 1071-1085.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fuproc.2004.11.003

[9] S. Syahrullail, B.M. Zubil, C.S.N. Azwadi, M.J.M. Ridzuan, Experimental evaluation of palm oil as lubricant in cold forward extrusion process, Int. J. Mech. Sci. 53 (2011) 549-555.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijmecsci.2011.05.002

[10] K. Amir, N. Mustaffa, A.J. Alimin, B. Manshoor, S.M. Basharie, A. Sadikin, Performance and emission of a diesel engine fuelled with preheated palm oil biodiesel under high load conditions, Adv. Mater. Research 845 (2014) 61-65.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/amr.845.61