Research of the Wireless Sensor Networks Routing Protocol Based on CEJ Ant Colony Algorithm
According to the limitation on radio range of sensor nodes and the shortage of the nodes' energy of wireless sensor networks(WSNs),we proposed a routing protocol based on CEJ ant colony algorithm(Common ants, Energy ants, Jumping ants).In the improved algorithm, the Common ants walk by inducing pheromone； the Energy ants walk by inducing the remaining energy of the nodes that adjacent to the current node；the Jumping ants induce the times they need to hop from the current node to the Sink node。All the ants cooperate to construct the optimum transmission chain eventually. Simulation results show that this algorithm can balance the energy consumption of nodes in the network and prolong the lifecycle of the whole network.
J. Y. Zheng and J. G. Hu, "Research of the Wireless Sensor Networks Routing Protocol Based on CEJ Ant Colony Algorithm", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vols. 58-60, pp. 1566-1571, 2011