Optimal Feature Selection for Carotid Artery Image Segmentation Using Evolutionary Computation
Atherosclerosis is hardening of arteries due to high blood pressure and high cholesterol. It causes heart attacks, stroke and peripheral vascular disease and is the major cause of death. In this paper we have attempted a method to identify the presence of plaque in carotid artery from ultrasound images. The ultrasound image is segmented using improved spatial Fuzzy c means algorithm to identify the presence of plaque in carotid artery. Spatial wavelet, Hilbert Huang Transform (HHT), Moment of Gray Level Histogram (MGLH) and Gray Level Co-occurrence Matrix (GLCM) features are extracted from ultrasound images and the feature set is reduced using genetic search process. The intima media thickness is measured using the proposed method. The IMT values are measured from the segmented image and trained using MLBPNN neural network. The neural network classifies the images into normal and abnormal.
R. Edwin Raj, M. Marsaline Beno and M. Carolin Mabel
I. M. Farook et al., "Optimal Feature Selection for Carotid Artery Image Segmentation Using Evolutionary Computation", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 626, pp. 79-86, 2014