In-Process Prediction of Surface Roughness in Grinding Process by Monitoring of Cutting Force Ratio
The purpose of this research is to develop the models to predict the average surface roughness and the surface roughness during the in-process grinding by monitoring the cutting force ratio. The proposed models are developed based on the experimentally obtained results by employing the exponential function with four factors, which are the spindle speed, the feed rate, the depth of cut, and the cutting force ratio. The experimentally obtained results showed that the dimensionless cutting force ratio is usable to predict the surface roughness during the grinding process, which can be calculated and obtained by taking the ratio of the corresponding time records of the cutting force Fy in the spindle speed direction to that of the cutting force Fz in the radial wheel direction. The multiple regression analysis is utilized to calculate the regression coefficients with the use of the least square method at 95% confident level. The experimentally obtained models have been verified by the new cutting tests. It is proved that the developed surface roughness models can be used to predict the in-process surface roughness with the high accuracy of 93.9% for the average surface roughness and 92.8% for the surface roughness.
Bale V. Reddy, Shishir Kumar Sahu, A. Kandasamy and Manuel de La Sen
V. Thammasing and S. Tangjitsitcharoen, "In-Process Prediction of Surface Roughness in Grinding Process by Monitoring of Cutting Force Ratio", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 627, pp. 29-34, 2014