An Evaluation of Economic Model for Assessing Aviation Environmental Impacts towards Airline Operations
Environmental concerns due to aviation emissions and noise have resulted in introduction of emission and noise charges imposed by airports to airline operators. In order to assess the impact of emission and noise towards the airline's operating costs, this paper presents the initial work in developing an economic model and explains the validation and application of the direct operating cost (DOC) estimation used by the model. A comparison with another two DOC estimation methods has also been performed. The results indicate that the estimated cost is in a good agreement with the data from the public domain despite the differences with data from other estimation methods due to the variation of approach adopted by each model. Finally, an inclusion of environmental charges in DOC is also presented, which shows the amount is relatively small. Nonetheless, in order to ensure a sustainable airline operations, further actions in reducing aviation emission and noise are essential.
R. Varatharajoo, F.I. Romli, K.A. Ahmad, D.L. Majid and F. Mustapha
S. N. M. Mohd Yunos et al., "An Evaluation of Economic Model for Assessing Aviation Environmental Impacts towards Airline Operations", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 629, pp. 338-343, 2014