Kenaf Fibre: Its Potential and Review on Bending Fatigue of Hollow Shaft Composites


Article Preview

The fast growing use of composite in many applications has been focused on sustainable and renewable reinforced composites. Natural fibres were introduced and increasingly used due to their availability and environmental issues. Kenaf is the most common natural fiber used as reinforcement in polymer matrix composites (PMC). Therefore, this study analyzes the bending fatigue for kenaf fiber hollow shaft composite. The wet filament winding technique was used to prepare the composite specimens for the bending fatigue test. Different orientation angles (45° and 90°) and reinforced with aluminum were studied.



Edited by:

R. Varatharajoo, F.I. Romli, K.A. Ahmad, D.L. Majid and F. Mustapha




K. Nadia et al., "Kenaf Fibre: Its Potential and Review on Bending Fatigue of Hollow Shaft Composites", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 629, pp. 395-398, 2014

Online since:

October 2014




* - Corresponding Author

[1] Yan Li & Y. W Mai (2006). Interfacial characteristics of sisal fibre and polymeric matrix. Journal of Adhesion, 82, 527-554.

[2] Ishak M. R., Leman Z., Sapuan S. M., Edeerozey A. M. M. & Othman I. S. (2010). Mechanical properties of kenaf bast and core fibre reinforced unsaturated polyester composites. IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 11.


[3] Leman Z, Sapuan S. M, Saifol A. M, Maleque M. A & Ahmad M.M.H. M (2008). Moisture absorption behavior of sugar palm fibre reinforced epoxy composite. Material and Design, 29, 1666-1670.


[4] Ishak, M. R., Leman, Z., Sapuan, S. M., Salleh & M Y Misri S (2009).

[5] Ku H., Wang H., Pattarachaiyakoop N. & Trada M (2011). A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. Composites, 42 (4), 856–87.


[6] Malkapuram R, Kumar V & Yuvraj S N (2008). Recent Development in Natural Fibre Reinforced Polypropylene Composites, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, 28, 1169-1189.


[7] Holbery, J. & Houston, D. (2006). Natural-Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Composites in Automotive Applications. JOM, 11, 80-86.


[8] Bogoeva-Gaceva, G. (2007). Natural Fiber Eco-composites. Polymer Composites, 28(1), 98-107.

[9] Pickering, K.L. (2008). Properties and performance of natural-fibre composites. CRC Press.

[10] Akil H.M., Omar M.F., Mazuki A.A.M., Safiee S. Z.A.M. & Abu Bakar (2011). Kenaf fiber reinforced composites: A review. Materials and Design, 32, 4107–4121.

[11] Webber III C. L & Bledsoe V. K (2002). Kenaf yield components and plant composition. Trends in new crops and new uses. Alexandria, VA, EUA: ASHS Press, 348–57.

[12] Aziz SH, Ansell MP, Clarke SJ & Panteny SR (2005). Modified polyester resins for natural fiber composites. Compos Sci Technol, 65, 525–35.


[13] Nishino T. (2004). Green composites: polymer composites and the environment. United Kingdom.

[14] Chun-Do Kim & Charles W. Bert (1993). Critical Speed Analysis Of Laminated Composite, Hollow Drive Shafts. Composites Engineering, 3, 633-643.


[15] Khalid Y.A., Mutasher S.A., Sahari B.B. & Hamouda A.M.S. (2007). Bending fatigue behavior of hybrid aluminum/composite drive shafts. Materials and Design, 28, 329–334.

[16] Belingardi G., Cavatorta M.P. & Frasca C. (2006). Bending fatigue behavior of glass–carbon/epoxy hybrid composites. Composites Science and Technology, 66, 222–232.

[17] Zaman, A.E. Ismail, M.K. Awang. Influence of fiber volume percentage on the tensile properties and dynamic characteristics of coconut fiber reinforced composite, Journal of Science and Technology 1 (2009) 55-71.