Friction and Wear Characteristics of Cu-Based P/M Brake Friction Materials with Addition of Fe and C
Cu-based powder metallurgy friction materials were prepared by varying of Fe and C (% weight) in the friction components. The samples were compacted under the load of 24 metric tonnes and sintered at a temperature of 950 °C for 45 minutes. The friction and wear characteristics the materials developed were studied using Chase machine. The results show that Fe and C have different friction and wear characteristics. The friction coefficient of Cu-30%Fe-15%C sample maintained to be high and slightly increased after the drum temperature of 350°C and subsequently stable throughout tests. The friction of Cu-20%Fe-10%C stable until the drum temperature of 450°C and then its start to decay slightly until the end of the test. On the hand, the friction of Cu-10%Fe-5%C start to decay after sliding a few minutes at the drum temperature of 230°C. Thus, it could be postulated that the friction coefficient increased with increasing weight percentage of Fe and C in the friction components. However, the volume loss shows that there is no direct correlation with the Fe and C content. The volume loss of Cu-10%Fe-5%C was higher than the two samples which had the lowest hardness. On the hand, the volume loss of the Cu-30%Fe-15%C was slightly higher than Cu20%Fe-10%C as result of higher porosity and lower hardness. Wear mechanisms of abrasion, adhesion and thermal were observed to be operated during sliding process.
Azmi Mohamed Yusof
T. R. Jaafar et al., "Friction and Wear Characteristics of Cu-Based P/M Brake Friction Materials with Addition of Fe and C", Applied Mechanics and Materials, Vol. 661, pp. 21-26, 2014